Explanatory preferences shape learning and inference

Citation:

Lombrozo, T. (2016). Explanatory preferences shape learning and inference. Trends in Cognitive Sciences , 20 (10), 748-759.
PDF1.62 MB

Date Published:

2016 10

ISSN:

1879-307X

Abstract:

Explanations play an important role in learning and inference. People often learn by seeking explanations, and they assess the viability of hypotheses by considering how well they explain the data. An emerging body of work reveals that both children and adults have strong and systematic intuitions about what constitutes a good explanation, and that these explanatory preferences have a systematic impact on explanation-based processes. In particular, people favor explanations that are simple and broad, with the consequence that engaging in explanation can shape learning and inference by leading people to seek patterns and favor hypotheses that support broad and simple explanations. Given the prevalence of explanation in everyday cognition, understanding explanation is therefore crucial to understanding learning and inference.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tics.2016.08.001

DOI:

10.1016/j.tics.2016.08.001

Alternate Journal:

Trends Cogn. Sci. (Regul. Ed.)
See also: Journal Article
Last updated on 02/05/2019